What is Embedded System? Examples and Types Application of Embedded System

Or simply we can say something which is integrated or attached to another thing. Now after getting what actual systems and embedded mean we can easily understand what are Embedded Systems. define embedded system Middleware that has been tightly integrated and provided with a particular operating system distribution. Application software, which is the device’s application-specific software.

While the first embedded computers were used in products like calculators during the 1960s, technological advancements of the information age have accelerated the proliferation of devices with embedded systems throughout the world. In particular, devices that use embedded systems to transmit data over the internet (known as connected devices) have exploded in popularity with applications that include smart homes and wearable medical devices. Introducing middleware software to an embedded system introduces an additional overhead that will impact everything from memory requirements to performance, reliability, as well as scalability, for instance.

What is Embedded Software?

Automobiles Sector– Now these days, modern cars contain different types of embedded system, which are performed various tasks based on their applications in your car. They are incredibly useful components that we can thank for the multi-functionality of many of the electronic devices we use every day. A component that’s incredibly small, cheap, easy to maintain, and fantastic at doing a single task repeatedly, is the perfect fit for any ‘fire and forget’ devices – those that are required to operate with little fuss and intervention. A handy example of this are the entertainment systems in passenger planes, which were able to function using Windows XP for far longer than a commercial laptop.

Although they might have different uses and are often sold in different stores, the mechanics behind them are actually pretty similar. Embedded systems are microprocessor-equipped systems and devices that interact with the physical world. Examples include traffic lights, a ship’s rudder controllers, and washing machine controllers. Despite the variety of applications there some common characteristics such as the dedicated nature of the applications. They also share the need to be reliable, safe, power-efficient, and cost-effective to manufacture.

Real-time Embedded Systems

Household appliances, such as microwave ovens, washing machines and dishwashers, include embedded systems to provide flexibility, efficiency and features. Advanced heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems use networked thermostats to more accurately and efficiently control temperature that can change by time of day and season. Home automation uses wired- and wireless-networking that can be used to control lights, climate, security, audio/visual, surveillance, etc., all of which use embedded devices for sensing and controlling. Embedded systems always function as part of a complete device — that’s what’s meant by the term embedded.

define embedded system

C, C++, Java, and source code engineering tool, etc. are used to develop this kind of embedded system. An embedded system is a computer system comprised of a combination of hardware and software designed to perform a specific function. It often functions within a larger system, controlling a single function within a larger multi-function device. We work closely with OEM clients to develop high-performance embedded systems optimized for their computational and performance requirements. They trust us to deliver products with reliable and long-lasting performance. Because an embedded system is engineered to perform certain tasks only, design engineers may optimize size, cost, power consumption, reliability and performance.

Small Scale Embedded System

This gives programmers an environment similar to a desktop operating system like Linux or Microsoft Windows, and is therefore very productive for development. On the downside, it requires considerably more hardware resources, is often more expensive, and, because of the complexity of these kernels, can be less predictable and reliable. This architecture is used https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ if event handlers need low latency, and the event handlers are short and simple. These systems run a simple task in a main loop also, but this task is not very sensitive to unexpected delays. Sometimes the interrupt handler will add longer tasks to a queue structure. Later, after the interrupt handler has finished, these tasks are executed by the main loop.

define embedded system

The operating systems and architecture for these more complex embedded systems are more similar to those of desktop computers. Microprocessors or microcontrollers used in embedded systems are generally not as advanced when compared to general-purpose processors designed for managing multiple tasks. They often work on a simple, less-memory-intensive program environment [20]. As a result, embedded system software has specific hardware requirements and capabilities. It is tailored to the particular hardware and has time and memory constraints [21].


The main control flow is in Java, which maintains the global notion of time. The interface between Java and Matlab also makes it possible to implement functional algorithms such as signal processing and sensor fusion in Matlab, while leaving their execution control in Java. A three-tier distributed architecture is designed through Java registrar and RMI interfaces, so that the execution in Java and Matlab can be separately interrupted and debugged. An alternative view of concurrency that seems much better suited to embedded systems is implemented in synchronous/reactive languages [6] such as Esterel [7], which are used in safety-critical real-time applications. Although this approach leads to highly reliable programs, it is too static for some networked embedded systems.

  • Prior to becoming a marketer, Clare was a journalist, working at a range of mobile device-focused outlets including Know Your Mobile before moving into freelance life.
  • Many types of electronic communication devices contain embedded systems, including home and business networking products that facilitate connections between network endpoints and the worldwide web.
  • They may not be connected to a network and might be operating autonomously.
  • These constraints limit the performance and complexity of the application that the hardware can support.
  • Embedded systems engage the physical world, where multiple things happen at once.
  • As the embedded systems are dedicated to specific tasks, design engineers can optimize them to reduce the size and cost of the product.
  • Medical equipment integrated with embedded operating systems automatically monitors bio constants, administers medications, and sends alerts to the staff in case the bio constants go above or below the threshold value.

In other words, embedded systems are the hidden “smarts” behind all the devices we use, the cars we drive, the planes we fly on, and the trains we ride in. Embedded Systems are made for their specific tasks that require specific programming and designing. Embedded system design has to be task-specific and well optimized to work and coordinate properly. They need to cope with rough situations like changing temperature, power fluctuations, physical shock, and damages; an excellent embedded system design can efficiently functioning in these conditions. In this type of system, a low-level piece of code switches between tasks or threads based on a timer invoking an interrupt.

What is an Embedded System Used For?

One important effort is the ARTEMIS initiative of the European Commission [1]. This program started with a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) [8] and has grown to a significant activity, including a strong industrial association, named ARTEMISIA, which conducts research and development in the area of embedded systems. Figure 1-2, a figure from the ARTEMIS SRA [8], shows one view of the embedded systems area organized by research domains and application contexts. In Figure 1-2, horizontal bars constitute technological areas involved in embedded systems development and vertical bars indicate application contexts where embedded systems are used and are expected to penetrate applications in the future. Clearly, the organization and semantics of application contexts change as time progresses and new applications and services are developed. One can organize the vertical bars with different criteria, such as, for example, the industrial sectors involved in the development of embedded systems.

define embedded system

In the RTOS category, the availability of additional software components depends upon the commercial offering. General-purpose microprocessors are also used in embedded systems, but generally, require more support circuitry than microcontrollers. MarketsandMarkets, a business-to-business (B2B) research firm, predicted that the embedded market will be worth $116.2 billion by 2025. Chip manufacturers for embedded systems include many well-known technology companies, such as Apple, IBM, Intel and Texas Instruments.

Characteristics of embedded systems

This types of system, to consider the processes like as main task, and control the entirely task. Deadlines are not allowed as a priority, if any case deadlines are omitted then omitting processes should not occur in the Soft Embedded Systems. The main difference between Microprocessors and Microcontrollers is the presence of Peripherals. A microcontroller is made up of 2 major parts, the microprocessor, and its peripherals. A simple definition would be, an embedded system is a “special purpose computer” purpose-built to serve a specific purpose.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *